Technology - Sarine


Sarine laboratories are equipped with state-of-the-art devices for automated grading of cut, color and clarity, detection of synthetic diamonds, light performance, symmetry analysis, diamond imaging, and rough diamond mapping and modeling. Based on revolutionary technologies that transformed the industry, Sarine labs are a cornerstone of advanced grading excellence.


The Galaxy® inclusion mapping system has revolutionized rough diamond planning with outstanding, automated precision in the prediction of clarity for planned polished stones.


Rough Planning is the process of planning how to cut and polish a rough diamond in order to maximize the value of the polished diamond/s that can be extracted from the rough. How to optimize the cut of the rough diamond will depend on a myriad of factors, such as the size of the rough, the size, type and location of inclusions (natural defects) within the rough diamond, current market demands, and others.



Galaxy systems scan and map inclusions in rough diamonds, offering automated accurate internal assessment that detects the most minute clarity data for a wide range of diamond sizes. Since its initial release in 2009, the Galaxy inclusion mapping system has taken the industry to new levels in terms of maximizing the potential of rough diamonds. The system takes a rough diamond, and reveals to the manufacturer a perfectly accurate picture of all its possible futures as a polished diamond. The idea that diamond manufacturers could now predict and design the optimal cutting plan, with complete precision, was a major breakthrough that influences the entire production pipeline. Galaxy not only changed the way that diamonds are mapped – it also changed the way the industry relates to the concept of rough planning.






Advanced mapping and modeling technology for the external surface of rough diamonds, the DiaExpert® device is a key part of the journey of the diamond from rough to polished.


Rough diamonds have a complex surface texture, with multiple grooves and features. The first stage in automated rough planning is 3D modeling of the rough stone, which captures its unique surface. In 2001, Sarine Technologies led a revolution in rough planning, with the development of the world’s first laser mapping and modeling technology for rough diamonds, called DiaExpert®.


DiaExpert scans all types of rough diamonds and utilizes a cutting edge scanner to map concave areas on the rough diamond, including grooves, to provide a detailed 3D model of the stone’s outer surface. While the Sarine Galaxy inclusion scanning system maps the internal inclusions, hidden inside the rough diamond, DiaExpert maps the surface flaws and features, enabling the diamond planner to accurately plan polished diamonds according to the unique surface texture of the rough. Together with the Galaxy system, the DiaExpert plays a key role in creating the story of the diamond journey, from rough to polished.


The DiaMension® HD is an advanced high-precision system, offering high fidelity 3D-modeling, superior accuracy and repeatability for the measurement of polished and semi-polished diamonds.


DiaMension technology delivers a precise 3D-model that allows accurate evaluation of the diamond’s proportions and the stone’s symmetry.

DiaMension HD uses a high resolution digital camera, specially designed interchangeable optical lenses and a unique lighting module for unmatched precise scanning and optimal accuracy, across a wide range of stone sizes (from 3.0 mm to 28.0 mm).

Supported by the Instructor® software package, DiaMension HD allows the measurements of round brilliant cut diamonds, from the blocked stage (initial 8 cuts) up to a fully polished stone, as well as improved performance for fancy shaped cuts.

DiaMension HD is the technology powering the Hearts & Arrows and Cut components of the Sarine Profile™ diamond report.


Sarine Clarity™

Sarine Clarity™ is ground breaking technology that provides world-first automated, objective Clarity measurement and grading. Based on comprehensive mapping of the diamond's inclusions and blemishes, Sarine Clarity grading capabilities are non-biased and accurate.


Sarine Clarity-II™ builds upon its predecessor, providing an array of advanced features that take AI automated clarity grading to even higher levels of sophistication. The second generation technology provides grading across the entire spectrum of grades, from VVS to I3, opening up a much broader range of inventory to automated clarity grading. In addition, the Clarity-II™ offers significantly expanded sorting capabilities covering a variety of new parameters, including Black in Table (BIT), Black in Crown (BIC), fluorescence, tinge and milkiness.


The Sarine Clarity system sorts the diamonds into sub-categories according to pre-defined criteria, so diamond manufacturers and traders can ensure that each individual diamond is optimally valued for its ideal sales market. Not only does Sarine Clarity provide a revolutionary approach to Clarity grading – it also recalibrates the sorting and sourcing process for diamonds worldwide.

Sarine Color™

When assessing a diamond's beauty and worth, Color is one of the guiding 4C factors. Sarine takes the 4Cs to the next level with automated Color evaluation technology that delivers lab-grade accuracy.


In the realm of diamond grading, color evaluation often relies on the subjective judgment of a gemologist, who manually compares the diamond to a standard visual scale. This traditional method, while widely accepted, is subject to human error and inconsistency.

Sarine introduces a groundbreaking solution to this challenge with Sarine Color™. This automated color evaluation technology delivers lab-grade accuracy, offering a definitive and reliable color grade that surpasses the limitations of manual grading. But that’s not all. Sarine Color™ also grades the Fluorescence of diamonds, providing an even more comprehensive analysis.

Sarine Color™ represents a technological leap in color grading. It employs automated optic analysis to accurately assess the color and fluorescence of a diamond, grading it with precision according to the globally recognized standard. This ensures a consistent and objective grade, free from the variability of human perception.

In essence, Sarine Color™ is revolutionizing the field of diamond color grading, offering unparalleled accuracy, objectivity, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness. Experience the next level of color grading with Sarine Color™.


Sarine Light™

The Sarine Light is a scientific light performance measuring method and grading standard. In under a minute, it accurately and consistently evaluates the diamond’s true light performance.


Sarine Light™, light performance technology and methodology demonstrates objectivity and repeatability of results that outperform all other available technologies.

Most other light performance measurement tools rely on mathematical computations based only on a polished diamond’s geometry, ignoring the effects of the diamonds Color grade and birthmarks, or Clarity, on its interaction with light.


The Sarine Light measures four individual parameters that have been determined by Sarine’s research and development team to affect the diamond’s play with light. These are Brilliance, Sparkle, Fire and Light Symmetry. To learn more about the 4 light performance parameters visit our education page.

The Sarine Light analyses the four parameters, and assigns grades for each. Then the system weights the four grades to assign a total light performance grade to the diamond, giving an accurate, overall grade of its light performance.

Synthetic Detection

The goal of diamond testing is to determine authenticity. In order to reach the highest levels of accuracy, Sarine Labs use specialized equipment, according to strict expert procedures.


Microscope, polarizing microscope
The microscope is one of the most important tools in diamond testing.  In fact, without any further testing, a close look at a stone under a microscope can give an experienced analyst a lot of information. It is vital to use the very highest quality microscopes with options of high magnification and with the best illuminations possible. In order to create an even higher performing analytical tool from a microscope, one can add polarizing filters. With the help of such filters, an analyst can distinguish type I and type II/low nitrogen type I diamonds, and in many cases imitations and synthetic diamonds from natural diamonds.

Fluorescent lamp
With a long wave (365 nm) and short wave (254 nm) UV lamp, the fluorescence and phosphorescence of diamonds is observed. The vast majority of diamonds show some luminescence at 365 nm, even if often only very weak, and at 254 nm, luminescence is less obvious. The information found by using a standard UV lamp can be particularly useful to distinguish natural and synthetic diamonds.

Infrared (FTIR – Fourier Transform InfraRed) Spectrometer
This instrument is one of the most common modern pieces of laboratory equipment; it is used to measure how infrared radiation is absorbed/transmitted by a diamond. Infrared spectroscopy can be used for:
– Identification of a material, hence distinguishing diamond from all its imitations.
– Detection and calculation of nitrogen and boron in the diamond structure.
– Detection of infrared-active hydrogen defects.
– Detection of certain defects caused by irradiation and irradiation followed by annealing.
– Help in detecting HPHT treatment of type I diamonds.
– Help in distinguishing natural from synthetic diamond.

Photoluminescence/Raman spectrometer
This instrument covers two techniques at the same time: Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Raman spectroscopy is a vibrational technique, based on the vibrations of atoms and molecules. With this method, the gemologist can detect how vibrating molecules and atoms modify the wavelength of monochromatic light. A Raman spectrum is most commonly used to identify gems, since the resulting peaks are characteristic for the different gem species; therefore, it is a fast, easy method to distinguish diamond from diamond imitations.

On a Raman spectrometer, luminescence can be measured at the same time as Raman scattering, since it is excited by the intense laser beam. This is what is known as photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, a highly sensitive technique to detect defects in diamonds. The vast majority of defects that can be identified by absorption spectroscopy can also be detected by PL spectroscopy, but with much higher sensitivity; moreover, a very large quantity of PL features can be detected that cannot be seen in absorption. PL spectroscopy can be used for a large range of applications, including synthetic diamond and HPHT treatment detection.

Sarine Loupe™

Sarine Loupe sets a new industry standard for advanced diamond imaging, providing full and accurate visual presentation of a diamond without manual manipulation.


The advanced Sarine Loupe imaging system takes 360-degree scans of a diamond, and creates an accurate digital image that allows the user to see precise details of the diamond as if viewing through a loupe. The customer can rotate and examine the virtual diamond, and view features such as inclusions, birthmarks, reflections and workmanship, from any direction. A zoom feature allows closer examination of minute details in real-life accuracy.



Sarine Loupe offers a range of view modes that enable accurate, close up viewing of the diamond from many angles.

  • 3D View: Full dynamic rotatable view of the diamond in 3D
  • Real View: Imaging of the diamond in a natural lighting setting, as if it is being worn
  • Top View: Imaging of the diamond as if viewed with a magnifying glass in a fluorescent lighting setting
  • ID Inscription View: Magnified view of the diamond’s ID inscription



Sarine Loupe diamond images are stored in the cloud, which means customers can inspect diamonds that are not in stock, or even diamonds located on the other side of the world, within seconds. The advanced 3D-imaging technology creates an accurate, engaging and accessible diamond viewing experience.