September 2016

Like? Share!

Diamond Facts: 10 Things You Should Know

Diamond facts are important to consider as a starting base for your diamond research. But where to start? Diamonds are known for their sparkle, romance, and the iconic tagline: A Diamond is Forever. Some of the most famous diamonds are steeped in mystery and drama, such as the curse of the Hope Diamond or the Koh-I-Nur diamond that has changed hands numerous times through theft and confiscation. But there is more to a diamond than its radiance and intrigue. Here are some diamond facts to get you started.

Diamond Facts: Let’s Go

  1. The word diamond derives from the Greek word “adamas”, which means invincible or indestructible. In ancient times, diamonds were believed to promote strength, invincibility and courage. The ancient Greeks believed that diamonds were splinters of stars that fell to earth. Romans maintained that diamonds had the power to ward off evil and wore them as talismans. They inherited this belief from Indian mythology.
  2. The Earth is estimated to be 4.5 billion years old. Most diamonds found in nature are between one to three billion years old, with the oldest thought to have crystallized 3.3 billion years ago.
  3. The diamond is the hardest natural substance found on the Earth. Diamonds have an extremely high melting point of 3820K (3547′ C/ 6420′ F), and a diamond’s boiling point is 5100K (4827′ C/ 8720′ F). To uncover a single one-carat diamond, you’ll need to mine 250 tons of earth. Diamond crystals are brought closer to the earth’s surface through volcanic activity.
  4. The earliest record of a man proposing with a diamond ring was in 1477 when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented Mary of Burgundy with a diamond ring while asking for her hand in marriage.
  5. Although the U.S. produces less than 1% of the total amount of global gemstone production, Americans buys more than 40% the world’s total volume of gem quality diamonds.
  6. The largest diamond ever discovered was the Cullinan at a whopping 3,106 carats!
  7. Back in the thirteenth-century, a law was passed in France allowing only the King to wear diamonds.
  8. Diamonds are colorless in their pure state. Colored diamonds get their hue from interstitial impurities. The rarest colored diamonds are red and blue and the most common colored diamonds are yellow and brown.
  9. The word carat comes from the word keration, the Mediterranean carob tree whose seed was used for centuries as the standard of weighing precious stones.
  10. Diamonds are primarily used in jewelry, but did you know they were also used to polish weapons? Scientists discovered that over 4,500 years ago, the ancient Chinese would make their ceremonial burial axes out of ruby and sapphire, and polished them with diamonds to give them a nice shiny finish.

While we’re on the fascinating topic of diamond trivia, check out this quiz about diamonds in movies. Whether it’s feel-good stories about a lost diamond ring returned to its owner, the latest celebrity diamond engagement ring, not to mention wierd curses and myths surrounding diamonds, it’s incredible to think how deeply entwined diamonds are with many aspects of culture, from the West to the East.

Subscribe to the Diamond Blog

Get the latest technology, grading and retail news straight from the source, straight to your inbox.


World Famous Jewelers Series Part 6: Chopard

Once Upon a Time in Switzerland… Our tale begins in the village of Sonvilier, Switzerland where we find Louis-Ulysse Chopard, the second son of Félicien and Henriette Chopard. Félicien was a farmer but he encouraged his sons to enter the watchmaking trade. Louis Chopard had a talent for the craft and quickly built a reputation […]

World Famous Jewelers Series Part 5: Graff

Born to be a Jeweler: The Meteoric Rise of Laurence Graff When 15-year-old Laurence Graff began his first apprenticeship in a jewelry manufacturing warehouse in London, he never dreamed he’d be honored with the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by Queen Elizabeth in 2013. In fact, after three months working in the warehouse and […]

World Famous Jewelers Series Part 4: Boucheron

The Jeweler of Place Vendôme: How Frédéric Boucheron Got His Start Frédéric Boucheron always knew he wanted to be a jeweler. He was born in 1830 to a family of French clothiers, and at a young age he apprenticed himself under jeweler Jules Chaise. By the age of 14, he had completed his apprenticeship and […]

World Famous Jewelers Series Part 3: Faberge

The Man Who Created The Egg In 1885,   Tsar Alexander III commissioned Faberge to create an Easter egg as a gift for his wife, Empress Maria Fedorovna. With this simple gift, the Faberge Imperial Egg Collection was born. The first egg was called the Hen Egg. Inside a white enameled shell rested a solid gold […]

World Famous Jewelers Series Part 2: Tiffany & Co

The name Tiffany & Co. evokes thoughts of little blue boxes, glass lamp shades, and for those who know, the Super Bowl’s Vince Lombardi Trophy. The store is famous for its Tiffany setting engagement rings, chain bracelets with an engraved heart charm, and delicate pendant necklaces. Where did this legacy start? Who is the man […]

World Famous Jewelers: The Names Behind the Designs.

Part One: Harry Winston Tiffany & Co., Cartier, Harry Winston – all famous jewelers and household names. We see their designs on the red carpet, along with Boucheron, Fabergé, Piaget, and many more. These companies are more than just brand names; they were the passion and brainchild of people who loved high quality, stylish jewelry, […]

Rough diamond planning

Cloud Planning: Make Your Rough Planning Up to 10 Times Faster

Planning rough diamonds with Advisor™ software is a complex process that uses loads of computer processing power. Today, with Galaxy™ inclusion mapping technology, the number of rough polishing plans created by Advisor is essentially infinite. With various advanced options to choose from, such as triple planning, Best Value™, CAP and more, the rough planning software […]

Tension Viewer: Reducing the Risks of Rough Diamond Sawing

In addition to all types of inclusions and flaws, rough diamonds have internal tension or stress that occurs naturally as part of their structure. Developed over millions of years during the diamond’s unique formation process, the level and location of tension within a rough diamond varies from stone to stone. When cutting a rough diamond […]

New Software Release: Sarine Advisor™ 7.0 Rough Planning

Advisor™ rough planning software is used by manufacturers worldwide to effectively plan polished diamonds and maximize the achievable yield. Sarine recently released the latest version of the industry-leading software, Advisor 7.0. The release is packed with dozens of new, advanced features, the result of user feedback received from diamond planners working with Advisor all over […]

Advisor 6.0 New Feature: Scoop Planning

Advisor™ is Sarine’s flagship rough planning software product, and the most widely used program of its type. Since its initial development and launch in 1995, the Advisor program, together with the Galaxy™ inclusion mapping system, has become a staple software for diamond manufacturers worldwide. We’re launching the first product post of the Diamond Tech blog […]