November 2018

Like? Share!

10 Fun Facts You Didn’t Know About Diamonds

What are the words that come to mind when you think of diamonds?

Sparkle, romance, engagement, Marilyn Monroe, Tiffany, forever…

But there’s much more to diamonds than weddings and pop culture. Diamonds are a wearable gemstone with a long history. From ancient times till today, myths abound about the power and value of diamonds. Of course, they are steeped in history and drama too, such as the Curse of the Hope Diamond or the Koh-i-Noor diamond that has changed hands numerous times through theft and confiscation. Not to mention the connections to the rich and famous, and to modern royalty. Sometimes, it’s good to go beyond the 4Cs and get a deeper understanding of diamonds. What are the top 10 diamond facts every diamond shopper must know? Here they are (and a bonus fact at the end!):

  1. The word diamond derives from the Greek word “adamas,” which means invincible or indestructible. In ancient times, diamonds were believed to promote strength, invincibility and courage. The ancient Greeks believed that diamonds were splinters of stars that fell to earth. Romans maintained that diamonds had the power to ward off evil and wore them as talismans. They inherited this belief from Indian mythology.
  2. The Earth is estimated to be 4.5 billion years old. Most diamonds found in nature are between one to three billion years old, with the oldest thought to have crystallized 3.3 billion years ago.
  3. The diamond is the hardest natural substance found on the Earth. They have an extremely high melting point of 3820K (3547′ C/ 6420′ F), and a diamond’s boiling point is 5100K (4827′ C/ 8720′ F). To uncover a single one-carat diamond, 250 tons of earth will be mined. Diamond crystals are brought closer to the earth’s surface through volcanic activity. Recently, scientists discovered there is a quadrillion tons of diamonds 100 miles beneath the earth’s surface.
  4. The earliest record of a man proposing with a diamond ring was in 1477 when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented Mary of Burgundy with a diamond ring while asking for her hand in marriage.
  5. According to Statista, although the U.S. produces a negligible amount of the total global gemstone production, in 2016 Americans bought nearly 50% the world’s total volume of gem quality diamonds.
  6. The largest diamond ever discovered was the Cullinan at a whopping 3,106 carats!
  7. Back in the thirteenth-century, a law was passed in France allowing only the King to wear diamonds.
  8. Diamonds are colorless in their pure state. Colored diamonds get their hue from interstitial impurities. The rarest colored diamonds are red and blue and the most common colored diamonds are yellow and brown.
  9. The word carat comes from the word ‘keration’, the Mediterranean carob tree whose seed was used for centuries as the standard of weighing precious stones.
  10. Diamonds are primarily used in jewelry, but did you know they were also used to polish weapons? Scientists discovered that over 4,500 years ago the ancient Chinese would make their ceremonial burial axes out of ruby and sapphire polished them with diamonds to give them nice shiny finish.

Bonus Fact!

Although the hardest substance on earth, diamonds have been cut and produced with the use of advanced technologies only in the past 30 or so years. Computerization has enabled much more sophisticated diamond processing, from rough planning and inclusion mapping, to automated cut grading, green laser sawing, and most recently, the adoption of artificial intelligence. Although technology is a relative newcomer to the long history of the diamond industry, it has been the driving force behind ever more sophisticated, accurate diamond production, which has led to even more beautiful diamonds.

Subscribe to the Diamond Blog

Get the latest technology, grading and retail news straight from the source, straight to your inbox.


The State of the Diamond Industry in 2019: Challenges & Opportunities

Today, the diamond industry is more complex and dynamic than ever, and technology has only deepened the challenges faced by industry players at every stage of the diamond pipeline. At Sarine, our technologies scanned more than 70 million diamonds in 2018, enabling us to take a broad consideration of the changes happening now in the […]

3 Retail Technologies & Trends that are Changing the Consumer Experience

Recent years have seen a spike in the number of retail stores that are closing down. In 2017, there was a record-setting estimate of approximately 102 million square feet of retail space that went out of business. Retailers worldwide are facing significant challenges, and the main culprit is the internet. We live in a world that […]

The Sarine Diamond Journey™ Provenance Report Goes to Africa

Recently, it was announced that a leading diamond manufacturer in Africa, Schachter & Namdar, has adopted the Sarine Diamond Journey™ provenance reports for its two exclusive diamond brands – Brilliant Rose and Proudly South African. This announcement comes at a time when diamond traceability and provenance are the fastest-growing issues in the diamond industry. Today, […]

5 Diamond & Jewelry Trends for 2019

We’re already well into the year, but 2019 is shaping up to be a bold one in diamonds and jewelry. Designers are pushing the envelope with new, creative styles, and reaching back to revive retro trends. Whether it’s a new fancy diamond shape, an engagement ring worn on the pinky, or a chunky chain of […]

SPECTRUM – Diamond Industry News #28

Love is in the air in this edition of SPECTRUM, Sarine’s monthly roundup of diamond industry news and trends. This week, we are celebrating Valentine’s Day with a great piece about how to choose the perfect engagement ring from Good Morning America, and a showcase of 15 gorgeous Valentine’s jewelry gifts, compiled by Business Insider. […]

The History and Future of Lab Grown Diamonds

In 2015, photographer Dillon Marsh undertook a fascinating project to demonstrate visually just how much natural diamond has been extracted from a diamond mine during its entire lifetime. In one dramatic example, a photo of the Kimberley mine in South Africa – also known as the “Big Hole” – is juxtaposed with a CGI rendered […]

The Importance of Diamond Provenance in a Data-Driven Age

In breaking the frontiers of the diamond industry, from manufacturing to retail, technology must strive to reach beyond what it can do today, to the potential of what it can achieve tomorrow. At the same time, technological development that brings true change must be in lock-step with the state of the industry at the current […]

3 Ways Artificial Intelligence Affects Your Life (That You May Not Be Aware Of)

What is “artificial intelligence”? Since the very beginnings of computerization, the concept of artificial intelligence has captured the imaginations of science fiction writers and movie makers. Today, fantasy is already reality, and artificial intelligence, or AI, is implemented in a wide range of everyday applications and devices. As the technology becomes more sophisticated, and as […]

How Technology Has Advanced the Diamond Industry: Sarine Celebrates 30 Years

This year, Sarine is launching celebrations for 30 years in the diamond technology business. When Sarine was established, in the late 1980s, technology in the diamond industry was in its very earliest stages. The kinds of technologies used today by diamond manufacturers and gem labs all over the world, such as inclusion mapping, automated rough […]

How Diamonds Are Produced

After the long natural formation process deep in the earth, the diamond is extracted from the mine in its rough, raw state, and begins on its next journey – to become a polished diamond.   From mine, to jewelry store, to the engagement ring finger of its eventual owner – every diamond undergoes a long […]